DD Free Dish is India's
only Free Direct-To-Home Service previously known as DD Direct +. This service
was launched in December, 2004. DD Free Dish DTH service is owned and
operated by Public Service Broadcaster Prasar Bharati (Doordarshan).
More about DTH
of DD Free Dish
What is DTH ?
In general, DTH service is the one in which a
large number of channels are digitally compressed, encrypted, uplinked and
beamed down over a territory from a very high power satellite. The DTH
signals can be received directly at homes with the help of a small sized dish receive unit
containing a Dish Antenna of diameter 60 to 90 cm installed at the
building’s roof-top or on the wall facing clear south and one indoor
unit facilitating viewing of demultiplexed signals from DTH channel bouquet on
TV set. The DTH signals can be received anywhere across the country
irrespective of the terrain conditions provided the area comes under the
footprint of the Satellite.
DTH transmission eliminates the
intervening role of a local cable operator since a user is directly connected
to the DTH service. DTH Transmission is most preferred in Ku- Band
so as to avoid the need of larger Dish sizes for suitably receiving the DTH
signals. As the DTH telecast is in the Digital mode, user is able to reap all
the benefits of Digital transmission. Programs in the DTH bouquet are having
higher resolution picture and better audio quality than traditional analog
(DTH) satellite television is becoming a buzzword in the satellite broadcast
industry due to the fact that DTH offers immense opportunities to both
broadcasters and viewers. Thanks to the rapid development of digital
technology, DTH broadcast operators worldwide have been able to introduce a
large number of new interactive applications in the television market besides a
large number of entertainment programmes over a single delivery platform. In
addition, since digital technology permits a highly efficient exploitation of
the frequency spectrum, the number of TV channels that can be broadcast using
digital technology is significantly higher than with analogue technology. The
increased number of television channels allows the operator to satisfy the demand
of a number of niche markets with dedicated transmissions.
is DD Free Dish?
Doordarshan’s DD Free Dish is a multi-channel Free-To-Air
Direct to Home (DTH) service. This service was launched in December’2004 with
the modest beginning of 33 channels. This service was inaugurated by
Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. DD Free Dish has been upgraded time
to time and at present Doordarshan’s DTH platform has the capacity of 80 SDTV
channels along with 32 Radio channels. DD Free Dish is available in Ku-Band on GSAT-15
(at 93.5°E) having MPEG-2 DVB-S, 5 streams of channels with Downlink
Frequencies -11090, 11170, 11470, 11510 and 11550 MHz. This Ku-Band DTH service
provides the TV coverage throughout the Indian territory (except Andaman &
Nicobar Islands). DTH signals can be received through a small sized dish
receive system ( i.e. Set Top Box and Dish of size 60 to 90 cm in
diameter) for which no monthly subscription fee is payable by the
separate DTH service in C-Band with a bouquet of 10 channels has also been
provided by Doordarshan exclusively for Andaman & Nicobar Islands, which is
also Free-To-Air. This C-Band DTH service is available on INSAT-4B (at 93.5°E)
with downlink frequency of 3925 MHz, 27500 Ksps, FEC-3/4, Pol-H,
L.O.-5150MHz. This service can be received through a STB and small sized
Dish Antenna (approximately 120 cm diameter) for which also no monthly
subscription fee is payable by viewers.
of DD Free Dish?
Expansion of DD Free Dish
has been carried out time to time. The present capacity is likely to be
enhanced to 104 SDTV channels and 40 Radio channels in near future with the
introduction of new MPEG-4, DVB-S2 stream.
How DD Free Dish is different
from other DTH systems?
the DTH Services, operating all over the world and in India, provide paid DTH
Service. In the paid service, the DTH operators uplink the encrypted TV signals
to the satellite and the signals are received by subscribers through a Dish
receive system having a Dish Antenna and one Customized Set Top Box (DIGITAL
DECODER). By choosing the bunch of various desired TV channels viz-a-viz the
respective payment plan options, subscribers are given a key-code to
decode/decrypt the TV channels through customized set top box. The subscription
charges for viewing these channels are collected by the DTH operator.
Whereas, DD Free Dish is
absolutely different, as Doordarshan is not
charging any monthly subscription fee from the viewers for complete bouquet of
the DD Free Dish channels, making the system quite affordable for all as it
requires only a small one time investment in purchasing of Dish Receive System
containing Set-Top-Box and small sized Dish Antenna.
receive DD Free Dish?
system of DD Free Dish contains three units: 1) One small sized Dish Antenna
along with LNBF 2) Indoor Set-Top-Box (STB) also known as IRD (Integrated
Receiver Decoder) and 3) Handy Remote control unit for STB. Dish
Antenna installed at the roof top or on wall facing clear south receives the
signal from satellite and transmits it to the indoor Set top box unit. The set
top box further decodes the different TV channels from the DTH bouquet and
feeds it to the TV set for viewing.
complete DD Free Dish DTH system (Dish Antenna, Set Top Box and Remote control
unit) is a one-time purchase from the open market with a nominal cost. There is
absolutely no further recurring expenditure in terms of monthly subscription
etc. for viewing DD Free Dish Channels.
Installation of the Receive System:
of the DTH receive system is very easy and does not take much time. The viewers
may take the services of skilled technical personnel to get the dish installed
and oriented towards the desired Satellite, followed by tuning/configuring the
Set-Top-Box unit. Dish Installation and STB-Tuning procedure is normally
mentioned in the manual supplied by respective manufacturer along with their
receive system. As a broad guideline, some of the parameters which may be required
to be fed to the STB are indicated below.
Satellite in Use:
GSAT series Geostationary Satellite GSAT-15 from ISRO is being used to provide
the services of DD Free Dish in Ku-Band. Reception of DD Free Dish signal is
available throughout the length and breadth of the Indian Territory except
Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Satellite’s Orbital location: 93.5°
DTG Receive Parameters:
Receive parameters of the
Doordarshan’s DTH bouquet of TV channels (spread in 5 streams), are as
Downlink Frequency (MHz)
LNB Frequency (MHz)
K-16 (36 MHz)
K-18 (36 MHz)
K-19 (36 MHz)
K-20 (36 MHz)
K-21 (36 MHz)
Following is the
suggestive tuning procedure of STB for receiving the TV Channels. However if
need be, the viewers may consult the installation manual supplied with STB or
contact the nearest STB Dealer or Toll Free Helpline Number: 1800-110-510.
to Installation menu or setup Programme from remote.
Satellite Edit menu.
Add New Satellite menu
Sat Name Edit menu.
Satellite Name as GSAT-15.
Enter Satellite Longitude as 93.5° E
g) Press Exit
to LNB Configuration menu. Ensure that satellite selected is GSAT-15 only.
LNB Types as Universal.
LNB Power on.
streams of Transponder (TP) Edit:
Go to Transponder Edit menu. Ensure that satellite selected is
Add New TP menu.
TP Frequency as 11090 MHz
Symbol rate as 29500 Ksps.
Polarization as Vertical.
f) ‘22K’ OFF*
g) ‘Disc. Equal’. Off
h) Select Scan as FTA.
i) Press OK.
filling the above values Go to ‘Search’
The new 16 TV and 06 Radio services
will be displayed. Similarly add all other four Transport streams (TPs) by
entering respective frequencies, symbol rate and polarization as given in
Note: - The above-mentioned steps may
be in different order in some of the STBs.
Q. What is DD Free Dish?
A. DD Free Dish is India's first and
one and only Free-to-Air (FTA) Direct-To-Home (DTH) Service from Doordarshan.
Q. What is FTA DTH?
A. Normally all over the world the DTH
operator charges the activation charges and monthly subscription charges
depending upon the channels to be viewed. DD Free Dish is a unique Free-To-Air
DTH in which the subscriber can buy the receive unit from open market and start
viewing the programmes without paying a penny as subscription.
Q. What is the composition of DD
Free Dish bouquet?
A. DD Free Dish bouquet is a fantastic
combination of Doordarshan TV channels, Private TV Channels and Radio channels
of All India Radio.
Q. What is the maximum number of
channels, which can be put on DD Free Dish?
A. The number of channels would be
increased in phases. At present DD Free Dish DTH platform has a capacity of 80
SDTV channels and 30 Radio channels.
Q. When the DD Free Dish service
A. The DD Free
Dish bouquet was formally inaugurated
by our Honorable Prime Minister of India on 16/12/2004. It
was primarily known as DD Direct +. At present the transmission is 'ON' with 80
SDTV and 30 Radio channels.
Q. What is the reach of DD Free
A. DD Free Dish in Ku-Band is
available throughout the country except in Andaman & Nicobar Islands and
reaches even those places where Terrestrial or cable TV is not available like
border, remote & tribal areas. A separate 10 channel DTH service in C-Band
has been provided by Doordarshan exclusively for Andaman & Nicobar Islands,
which is also Free- To-Air.
Q. What are the advantages of DD
Free Dish over cable connection?
A. DD Free Dish ensures excellent
Picture Quality for all the channels in the bouquet. There is no intermediary
as one gets the signals directly from the broadcasters. There are no recurring
charges to be paid by subscribers to view any of the programs.
Q. Can DD Free Dish be viewed
without disconnecting existing cable connection?
A. Cable connection can be viewed in
normal TV mode and DTH channels can be viewed in AV Mode by choosing the AV
option from the remote of your TV set. DTH channels can be changed
using STB remote control.
Q. Once the Dish & Decoder
are installed, will it be possible to receive all channels?
A. Yes, all the channels available in
the bouquet can be received once the receive equipment is installed.
Q. If there are more than one TV
set in one house; will all TV sets require separate STBs/Dishes to receive DD
A. Yes, for each TV, a separate STB
will be required.
Q. If one shifts his residence or
moves to some other city, can he continue to use the same STB and the Dish to
receive DD Free Dish?
A. Yes, one can carry the equipment
anywhere in India and continue to enjoy DD Free Dish after installing the dish
at the new location to track the satellite.
Q. Will the reception be affected
A. Though provision exists in the
uplink system to take care of fading of the signal due to rains, yet heavy
rains may result into temporary outage in the DTH signal.
Q. Where can the Dish be
A. Dish can be installed on the rooftop
or on the wall surface facing clear south.
Q. Are any Audio (Radio) channels
also available in DD Free Dish?
A. Yes, at present there are 30 Radio
channels available in the bouquet
marketing/selling/appointing dealers for the Receive Equipment?
A. At present, the
equipment is available in the open market and can be purchased from any TV
Dealer. Doordarshan has not authorized anybody to sell the Receive Equipment
nor has given any dealership, etc., for this purpose. With the introduction of
CAS, Doordarshan will authorize STB manufacturers for selling receive equipment
Q. Subscription Fee etc.?
A. It is clarified that no subscription
fee is required to be paid to anybody for receiving the DD Free Dish
signal. The service is totally free and the only expenditure involved is on one
time purchase of Receive Equipment, which is available in the open market on
appointing any dealer in future for marketing the platform/receive
A. No dealers have
been appointed by Doordarshan so far.
Q. What should be the cost of the
Receive Equipment for DD Free Dish?
A. The indicative price of a Receive
System may be less than Rs.2000.
It may however vary with the make of
equipment and will also depend upon the local taxes/prevailing custom duty,
Q. Can the receive System be
installed by the viewer himself?
A. Detailed procedure for installation
is given in the website. However, it is advisable to take the help of skilled
technical person for the installation of the system.
Q. What are the channels
available on the DD FREE DISH platform?
A. The information is available on the
Link: DD Free Dish Channel List.
Q. Can the Receive Dish be fixed
on the window grill?
A. It may be possible to get the dish
fixed on the window grill with slight modification on the grill or the fixtures
but it is desirable to fix the dish on rigid wall (outside) or roof top .
Q. Will the DD Free Dish available in a
A. The signal can be received anywhere
Q. Which are the dealers of the
equipment in a particular city/town?
A. DTH receive equipment is generally
available with all the TV dealers / shops.
Q. Will DD Free Dish signal be
available to my remote village, where no TV tower is installed?
A. Yes, the DD Free Dish signal is made
available to you through satellite and doesn’t require any tower or cable for
Q. Are you providing any value added
service like Internet etc. over your DTH platform?
A. No, presently no such service is
Q. Channel name in TV channel list is
different than the Actual TV program shown? in that case what shall I do ?
A. In the STB the change in program (TV
channel) is detected but the information of changed channel name is not stored
automatically. The required change of information can be stored by deleting the
earlier information and reinstalling (scanning) the new channel information.
Q. How to update the changes in TV
channel tuning manually?
A: The procedure to update the changes
in program name varies from make to make of STBs. Follow the procedure
mentioned in the installation manual supplied along-with the STB. However, as
broad guidelines the steps involved are as indicated in the example given
Following are the steps to be followed
to scan or search the channels on DD Free Dish DTH bouquet.
Button on Remote of DD Free Dish Set-Top-Box
to ‘Installation’ or ‘Setup Programme’
Fill the details as
‘T P Frequency’
The new TV and Radio services will be
For other frequencies and related
parameters refer to table below.
above-mentioned steps may be in different order in some of the STBs. In case
there is any difficulty, viewers are advised to
contact the nearest STB dealer or Toll Free Helpline No.
transponder frequency, LNB frequency, symbol rate etc. required to
tune to the STBs for all the channels available in the DD Free Dish
are summarized as below: -
Q. How to delete TV
channel programme in STB manually?
procedure to delete TV Channel programme in the TV channel list varies from
make to make of STBs. Follow the procedure mentioned in the installation
manual supplied along-with the STB.
Following are the
steps to be followed to delete channels in TV channel list.
Go to ‘Edit
Select the channel,
using up down key.
REGIONAL DD CHANNELS